Migration

Introduction

Migration is the process of people moving from one place to another, whether from the other side of the world or simply moving to a different part of town.  Fluctuations in the population have an impact on demand for services.

The Office for National Statistics looks into different factors that influence change in population size from one year to the next. Referred to as ‘components of change’, the sum of these components leads to the overall estimate of population increase or decrease.

The components are broadly described as:

  • natural change – the number of births minus the number of deaths in an area
  • net migration - the number of people moving into the area minus the number of people moving out (migration can be ‘internal’ from within the country or ‘international’ from outside of the country)
  • other changes

The components can be positive, i.e. more people are born than die, or negative, i.e. more people leave an area moving into it.

Facts, figures and trends

The table below shows that overall, the mid-2014 population of Bracknell Forest has increased by 40 people to 1,482 due to migration since the last population estimates were released in mid-June 2013.

Office of National Statistics Population change in Bracknell Forest (mid 2012 to mid 2013 and mid-2013-2014) show natural change, net internal and net international migration as follows:

Over time, population change (accessed 21 April 2016) due to natural change has remained fairly constant since 2003. Internal migration has seen an increase since 2003-4 from a net change of approximately -900 to 362 in 2012-13. International migration has seen a decrease since it peaked in 2006-7 (net change of approximately 800):

Non-UK nationals

In 2014, approximately 16,000 people living in Bracknell Forest were not born in the UK. This represents 13.6% of the total Borough population. Approximately 10,000 people living in Bracknell Forest are non-British, representing 8.5% of the total Borough population.  This figure has remained static between 2013 and 2014.  The table below highlights changes between 2012 and 2014:

 

Jan – Dec 2012

Jan – Dec 2013

Jan – Dec 2014

 

Number

per 1,000

population

Number

per 1,000

population

Number

per 1,000

population

 

Resident population: 112,000

Resident population: 113,000

Resident population: 114,000

Non-UK born population

14,000

125.0

16,000

141.6

16,000

140.4

Non-British population

7,000

62.5

9,000

79.6

9,000

78.9

 

Mid-year 2012 population estimate

(16-64): 76,338

Mid-year 2013 population estimate

(16-64): 76,705

Mid-year 2014 population estimate

(16-64): 77,439

Migrant National Insurance registrations (aged 16-64)

640

8.4

786

10.2

1,060

 

13.7

 

Mid-year 2012 population estimate: 115,058

Mid-year 2013 population estimate: 116.567

Mid-year 2014 population estimate: 118,025

Migrant GP registrations

851

7.4

848

7.3

989

8.4

Source: Office for National Statistics, Local Area Migration Indicators (accessed 21 April 2016).

The graph below shows percentage population change in non-UK nationals in Bracknell Forest between 2010 and 2014:

 

This page was created in February 2014 and last updated on 24 May 2016.

Cite this page:

Bracknell Forest Council. (2016). JSNA – Migration. Available at: jsna.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/bracknell-forest-profile/demography/migration (Accessed: dd Mmmm yyyy.)

 

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