Glossary

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AAA

A bulge in the abdominal blood vessel. There is a risk that a large aneurysm could burst.

Accident & Emergency
A&E/AAE

A department of a hospital that will respond immediately to those people who are acutely ill or have life or limb threatening problems/injuries.

Acute Hospital

A hospital that provides urgent or planned treatments or operations, and outpatient appointments.

Admission

A term used to describe when someone requires a stay in hospital.

Adult Social Care
ASC

Aims to provide personal and practical support to help people live their lives by supporting individuals to maintain their independence and dignity, and to make sure they have choice and control.

Age specific birth rate

Number of births per 1,000 population per year in a specific age group.

Age Standardisation (AS)

A statistical method used so that disease and death rates of populations with different age profiles can be compared meaningfully, since we know that people are more likely to become ill and die as they get older. There are 2 commonly used variations – direct and indirect.

Age Standardised Mortality Rate (ASMR)
SMR

ASMR is calculated to compensate for the fact that men and women have different death rates and that these rates also vary by age. ASMRs then allow for different populations to be compared. ASMRs applied to a standard population (an ideal population that doesn’t actually exist) are known as Directly Standardised Mortality Rates (DSMRs).

Alcohol related Attributable Crimes

These figures are estimates based on applying a national alcohol-related proportion to total crime figures so they may simply indicate high crime figures rather than crimes where alcohol actually was a factor.

Ambulatory Care Sensitive conditions
ACS

These are defined as long-term health conditions that can often be managed with timely and effective treatment in the community without hospitalisation, implying that a proportion of ACS admissions could be prevented.

Annual District Death Extract
ADDE

Records for death registrations supplied by the ONS on an annual basis. The data is based on the underlying cause of death from the medical certificate of cause of death.

Antidepressants

Medications used to treat depression.

Association of Public Health Observatories
APHO

The umbrella organisation for the eight Public Health Observatories set up by the Department of Health, to provide knowledge, information and surveillance in public health. Now under Public Health England.

Asylum Seekers

People who have fled their home country, who have applied for asylum and are awaiting a decision to grant them refugee status.

Atrial Fibrillation
AF

A cardiac arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm) that involves the two upper chambers (atria) of the heart.

Audit Commission

An independent body responsible for ensuring that public money is used economically, efficiently and effectively.

  • Bracknell Forest ProfileThis section contains the Bracknell Forest ward profiles and demographics.You are here
  • Starting WellThis section contains information on maternity and ages 0-4 years.You are here
  • Developing WellThis section contains information on young people's health and wellbeing.You are here
  • Living & Working WellThis section contains information on adult health conditions and lifestyle choices.You are here
  • Ageing WellThis section contains information on older people's health and wellbeing.You are here
  • People & PlacesThis section contains information on the wider determinants of health.You are here