Life expectancy is an estimate of the number of years a new-born baby would survive if they were to experience the particular area age-specific mortality rates for that time period they were born in throughout their lives. It is important to note that a life expectancy at birth of 80 years does not mean than someone born today can, on average, expect to live 80 years (in fact, they can expect to live longer if mortality rates continue to fall). It is legitimate to say however, that a population with a life expectancy of 80 years is healthier (or at least has lower mortality) than a population with one of 70 years.
Limiting Long Term Illness
A self assessment of whether a person has a limiting long-term illness, health problem or disability which limits their daily activities or the work they can do, including problems that are due to old age. Part of the decennial census.
Local Area Agreement
LAAs set out the priorities for a local area agreed between central government and a local area (the local authority and Local Strategic Partnership) and other key partners at the local level.
Locally Enhanced Services
Enhanced services are primary medical services other than essential services, additional services or out-of-hours services, or essential, additional or out-of-hours services or an element of such a service which requires an enhanced level of service provision. Local services are agreed locally.
Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives
Methods of birth control that provide effective contraception for an extended period of time without requiring user action. They include injections, intrauterine devices (IUDs) and subdermal implants. They are the most effective reversible methods of contraception because they do not depend on patient compliance. So their 'typical use' failure rates, of less than 1% per year, are about the same as 'perfect use' failure rates.
Long Term Conditions
Conditions of a long duration and often slow progression. These include hear disease, stoke, and cancer and also neurological conditions caused by disease or damage to the brain, spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system.