Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. This infection can cause a range of illnesses including: pneumonia (infection of the lungs), otitis media (infection of the middle ear), and meningitis (infection of the membranes around the brain). The pneumococcal vaccine protects against pneumococcal infection.
Any death under the age of 75 years.
The extent to which a disease or condition is to be found in a population. Prevalence is a function of how many people contract a disease, and how long the condition lasts.
Health care provided in the community (not at hospital) including GP practices.
Primary Care Agency
Provide administrative support to the NHS and its patients.
Primary Care Trust
Previously responsible for the commissioning of healthcare services. Abolished on the 31st March 2012.
A way of expressing a number in relation to another number (a part in relation to the whole). For example, 50 out of 100 people. This is multiplied by 100 to give a percentage/proportion.
Public Health England
Public Health England is an executive agency of the Department of Health tasked with improving the nations health and tackling inequalities.
The Census is the Department's largest and most complex data collection exercise. The Census collects information from every school in England under Section 29 of the Education Act 1996 and Section 42 of the Schools Standards and Framework Act. The provision by schools of individual pupil records is a statutory requirement under Section 537A of the Education Act 1996. Local Authorities, other government departments, external agencies and educational researchers all use this information.